Fire prevention of ships at the hottest port

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Fire prevention of ports, wharves and ships

ports are land and water transportation hubs connecting inland rivers, oceans, railways and highways, and distribution centers for a large number of goods and materials. The wharf is a special facility for ships to dock, load and unload goods, and get on and off passengers. The ship is an independent entity in navigation, with small hull space, dense cargo and concentrated personnel

in case of fire in ports, wharves and ships, it often causes great casualties and losses, leading to ship grounding and sinking, affecting channel navigation, and even damaging port facilities. Therefore, we must attach great importance to the fire safety of ports, wharves and ships

I. fire risk

1. Fire risk of ports and wharves

(1) the layout of ports and wharves does not comply with the code for fire protection design of buildings, and the fire separation and fire access do not meet the requirements, which has potential fire risk

(2) the warehouse in the port area where the materials to be transferred are stored, and the warehouse fire is caused by poor management

universal tensile testing machine (auto parts testing machine) is widely used in the industry (3) ships anchored in the port catch fire for some reason, affecting surrounding ships, and even spreading to coastal buildings or storage yards

(4) the materials loaded and unloaded are often combustible and easy to impact. The function is the most important trade-off. According to combustible and explosive materials, careless smoking, mechanical impact on Mars, electric arc light, etc. can cause objects to burn or explode

(5) for the self igniting articles piled up for transportation, Jinan new era Gold Testing Instrument Co., Ltd. is a large manufacturer specializing in the production of experimental machines, which is worthy of your trust. When there is no ventilation measures, it is also defined: the agreed friction coefficient value confirmed by both the supplier and the demander of the lining is negligent in inspection, and the temperature rises to the self igniting point, causing the self igniting of the substances

(6) careless operations such as maintenance of buildings and equipment and processing with open fire cause fires

(7) the electrical equipment of loading and unloading machinery is damp and dusty, which is easy to leak electricity and strike a fire. Once it is in contact with inflammables, it will be dangerous

(8) there is a lot of dust in the process of grain entering the silo in the grain handling area. When the dust is mixed with the air to a certain concentration, it will cause dust explosion when encountering an open fire

2. Fire risk of the ship

(1) the partition coaming between the cabin, cab and crew living quarters of the ship and the decorative wood, cotton cloth, silk, etc. are inflammables, which are easy to catch fire

(2) inflammable and explosive goods loaded on the ship are very easy to cause fire when encountering open fire (or electric spark)

(3) during the operation of the diesel engine in the engine room, there is a potential fire risk due to the excessive speed of the rotating parts, lack of lubricating oil lubrication, or insufficient fuel oil, poor oil quality, affecting atomization, and leakage of the oil circuit. The high temperature of the diesel engine exhaust pipe can also ignite the surrounding combustibles

(4) for some old ships, the fuselage is old, and the electromechanical equipment works in a hot and humid environment for a long time, so the insulation is easy to age, and electric leakage and short circuit cause fire; Connecting the power line privately on the ship causes the conductor to heat up, the temperature to rise, or the electrical equipment is installed and used improperly, which scorches the combustibles and is also easy to catch fire

(5) fire accidents may be caused by using open flames and littering cigarette butts on board

(6) organic substances such as potassium permanganate and glycerin in the ship's infirmary are placed together, or inflammable substances such as alcohol and mosquito repellent are improperly placed, overturning and impact may cause a fire

(7) passengers carry inflammable and explosive chemicals in violation of regulations, which cause combustion or explosion after impact, friction or open fire

(8) the dry cargo ship is improperly loaded with dangerous chemicals. Mixing goods with conflicting properties, or loading goods that can ignite spontaneously, can cause a fire due to collision, friction, and poor ventilation conditions

(9) in the process of loading and unloading oil, static electricity is generated due to impact, friction, etc., which violates the safety operation regulations, and there is a risk of fire and explosion

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